AskDefine | Define history

Dictionary Definition

history

Noun

1 the aggregate of past events; "a critical time in the school's history"
2 the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future; "all of human history"
3 a record or narrative description of past events; "a history of France"; "he gave an inaccurate account of the plot to kill the president"; "the story of exposure to lead" [syn: account, chronicle, story]
4 the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; "he teaches Medieval history"; "history takes the long view"
5 all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge; "the dawn of recorded history"; "from the beginning of history"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /ˈhɪstəri/
  • /"hIst@ri/
  • Hyphenation: hist·o·ry

Etymology

From historia < sc=polytonic < sc=polytonic < sc=polytonic, from *sc=polytonic, from *|wid-.

Noun

  1. The aggregate of past events.
    History repeats itself if we don’t learn from its mistakes.
    Holes in your pant pockets turn your coins into history.
  2. The branch of knowledge that studies the past; the assessment of notable events.
    He teaches history at the university.
    History will not look kindly on these tyrants.
    He dreams of an invention that will make history.
  3. A record or narrative description of past events.
  4. The list of past and continuing medical conditions of an individual or family.
    A personal medical history is required for the insurance policy.
    He has a history of cancer in his family.
  5. A record of previous user events.
    I visted a great site yesterday but forgot the URL; oh! ... luckily I didn't clear my history.

Translations

aggregate of past events
branch of knowledge that studies the past
  • Bosnian: historija
  • Catalan: història
  • Croatian: povijest
  • Danish: historie
  • Dutch: geschiedenis
  • Estonian: ajalugu
  • Finnish: historia
  • French: histoire
  • German: Geschichtswissenschaft
  • Greek: ιστορία
  • Hebrew:
  • Hungarian: történelem
  • Icelandic: sagnfræði
  • Interlingua: historia
  • Italian: storia
  • Japanese: 歴史
  • Korean: 사학
  • Kurdish:
  • Maltese: storja
  • Norwegian: historie
  • Novial: historie
  • Polish: historia
  • Portuguese: história
  • Russian: история
  • Scottish Gaelic: eachdraidh
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: |историја
    Latin: istorija
  • Slovene: zgodovina, zgodovinopisje
  • Spanish: historia
  • Swedish: historia
  • Telugu: చరిత్ర (caritra)
  • Vietnamese: lịch sử
  • Welsh: astudiaeth
record or narrative description of past events
  • Bosnian: historija
  • Catalan: història
  • Chinese:
    Simplified: 历史
    Traditional: 歷史
  • Croatian: povijest
  • Czech: dějiny
  • Danish: historie , beretning
  • Estonian: ajalugu
  • Finnish: historia
  • French: histoire
  • German: Geschichte, Erzählung
  • Greek: ιστορία
  • Hebrew:
  • Hungarian: történet, história
  • Icelandic: saga
  • Interlingua: historia
  • Italian: storia
  • Japanese: 履歴, 経歴, 経過
  • Korean: 역사
  • Kurdish:
  • Latvian: vēsture
  • Maltese: storja, arkivji
  • Nepali: इतिहास (itihaas)
  • Norwegian: historie
  • Novial: historie
  • Persian: تاریخ
  • Pinyin: lìshǐ
  • Polish: historia
  • Portuguese: documentário
  • Russian: история
  • Scottish Gaelic: eachdraidh
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: историја
    Latin: istorija
  • Slovene: zgodovina
  • Spanish: historia
  • Swedish: berättelse, historia
  • Telugu: చరితం (caritaM), చరిత (carita)
  • Vietnamese: lịch sử
  • Welsh: hanes
medicine: list of past and continuing medical conditions
computing: record of previous user events

Related terms

Extensive Definition

History is the study of the past, particularly the written record of the human race, but more generally including scientific and archaeological discoveries about the past. Recently, there has been an increased interest in oral history, passed down from generation to generation. New technology, such as photography, sound recording, and motion pictures, now complement the written word in the historical record.
The word history derives from the Greek ἱστορία (historia), "a learning by inquiry" and that from ἱστορέω (historeō), "to examine, to observe, to inquire", in turn from ἵστωρ (histōr), "a wise man, one who knows right, a judge". Academically, history is the field of research producing a continuous narrative and a systematic analysis of past events of importance to the human race. Those who study history as a profession are called historians.

Etymology

history in Afrikaans: Geskiedenis
history in Amharic: ታሪክ
history in Old English (ca. 450-1100): Stǣr
history in Arabic: تاريخ
history in Aragonese: Istoria
history in Franco-Provençal: Histouère
history in Assamese: ইতিহাস
history in Asturian: Hestoria
history in Guarani: Tembiasakue
history in Aymara: Nayra sarnaqawi
history in Azerbaijani: Tarix
history in Bambara: Tariku
history in Bengali: ইতিহাস
history in Min Nan: Le̍k-sú
history in Bashkir: Тарих
history in Belarusian: Гісторыя
history in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Гісторыя
history in Bavarian: G'schichte
history in Bosnian: Historija
history in Breton: Istor
history in Bulgarian: История
history in Catalan: Història
history in Chuvash: Истори
history in Cebuano: Kasaysayan
history in Czech: Historie
history in Corsican: Storia
history in Welsh: Hanes
history in Danish: Historie
history in German: Geschichte
history in Estonian: Ajalugu
history in Modern Greek (1453-): Ιστορία
history in Spanish: Historia
history in Esperanto: Historio
history in Basque: Historia
history in Persian: تاریخ
history in Faroese: Søga
history in French: Histoire
history in Western Frisian: Skiednis
history in Friulian: Storie
history in Irish: Stair
history in Manx: Shennaghys
history in Galician: Historia
history in Classical Chinese: 史
history in Hakka Chinese: Li̍t-sṳ́
history in Korean: 역사
history in Armenian: Պատմություն
history in Hindi: इतिहास
history in Croatian: Povijest
history in Ido: Historio
history in Iloko: Pakasaritaan
history in Indonesian: Sejarah
history in Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association): Historia
history in Interlingue: Historie
history in Inuktitut: ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓂᖅ ᑎᑎᖅᑲᑎᒍᑦ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᖅᑕᐅᖃᑦᑕᕐᓂᑯᓂᒃ/qaujisarniq titiqqatigut qanuiliuqtauqattarnikunik
history in Ossetian: Истори
history in Icelandic: Sagnfræði
history in Italian: Storia
history in Hebrew: היסטוריה
history in Georgian: ისტორია
history in Kashmiri: تاریخ
history in Kirghiz: Тарых
history in Swahili (macrolanguage): Historia
history in Haitian: Istwa
history in Kurdish: Dîrok
history in Ladino: Istoria
history in Latin: Historia
history in Latvian: Vēsture
history in Luxembourgish: Geschicht
history in Lithuanian: Istorija
history in Ligurian: Stöia
history in Limburgan: Historie
history in Lojban: citri
history in Lombard: Stòria
history in Hungarian: Történelem
history in Macedonian: Историја
history in Maltese: Storja
history in Marathi: इतिहास
history in Mazanderani: بگذشتی
history in Malay (macrolanguage): Sejarah
history in Min Dong Chinese: Lĭk-sṳ̄
nah:Huēhuehcāyōmatiliztli
history in Dutch: Geschiedenis
history in Dutch Low Saxon: Geschiedenis
history in Nepali: इतिहास
history in Japanese: 歴史
history in Norwegian: Historie
history in Norwegian Nynorsk: Historie
history in Narom: Histouère
history in Novial: Historie
history in Occitan (post 1500): Istòria
history in Pushto: تاريخ
history in Low German: Historie
history in Polish: Historia
history in Portuguese: História
history in Romanian: Istorie
history in Quechua: Wiñay kawsay
history in Russian: История
history in Sanskrit: इतिहास
history in Sardinian: Istòria
history in Scots: History
history in Saterfriesisch: Geschichte
history in Sicilian: Storia
history in Simple English: History
history in Slovak: Dejiny
history in Slovenian: Zgodovina
history in Silesian: Historja
history in Somali: Taariikh
history in Serbian: Историја
history in Serbo-Croatian: Historija
history in Sundanese: Sajarah
history in Finnish: Historia
history in Swedish: Historia
history in Tamil: வரலாறு
history in Kabyle: Amezruy
history in Tatar: Taríx
history in Telugu: చరిత్ర
history in Thai: ประวัติศาสตร์
history in Vietnamese: Lịch sử
history in Tajik: Таърих
history in Tok Pisin: Histori
history in Turkish: Tarih
history in Turkmen: Taryh
history in Ukrainian: Історія
history in Urdu: تاريخ
history in Venetian: Storia
history in Volapük: Jenav
history in Võro: Aolugu
history in Waray (Philippines): Kasaysayan
history in Wolof: Taariix
history in Yiddish: היסטאריע
history in Yoruba: Ìtàn
history in Contenese: 史
history in Zeeuws: Geschiedenisse
history in Samogitian: Istuorėjė
history in Chinese: 歷史

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Clio, Muse of history, account, adventures, ancient history, annals, antiquity, autobiography, background, biographical sketch, biography, bygone days, bygone times, case history, catalog, chronicle, chronicles, chronology, confessions, correspondence, curriculum vitae, days gone by, days of yore, dead letter, dead past, depiction, description, diary, documentation, epic, experience, experiences, foretime, former times, fortunes, hagiography, hagiology, historiography, information, intelligence, inventory, journal, legend, letters, life, life and letters, life story, list, martyrology, memoir, memoirs, memorabilia, memorial, memorials, narration, narrative, necrology, news, obituary, old hat, past, past history, past times, photobiography, pipe roll, portrayal, profile, recapitulation, recent past, recital, record, recording, register, registry, relation, relic, remains, report, representation, resume, retailing, retelling, roll, rolls, roster, rota, saga, scroll, story, summary, table, tale, telling, the irrevocable Past, the past, theory of history, thou unrelenting past, times past, token, trace, version, vestige, yesterday, yesteryear
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